domestication of plants
Jeff Hunt, Mary Crooks, National Geographic Society Mesopotamia is thought to be one of the places where early civilization developed. Privacy Notice | In a way, they were groomed too. Domestication of all plants and animals led to a reduction in genetic diversity (19, 80, 81), and thus all genes in any domesticated plant necessarily have a history that includes a recent demographic event, the bottleneck associated with domestication . Animal Domestication - Table of Dates and Places, The Eight Founder Crops and the Origins of Agriculture, Domestication History of the Squash Plant (Cucurbita spp), Barley (Hordeum vulgare) - The History of its Domestication, The Domestication History of Cotton (Gossypium), The Three Sisters: the Traditional Intercropping Agricultural Method, Guila Naquitz (Mexico) - Key Evidence of Maize Domestication History, Pea (Pisum sativum L.) Domestication - The History of Peas and Humans. cloth made from fibers of the cotton plant. Human lifestyles began to change as groups formed permanent settlements and tended crops. space for keeping materials for use at a later time. The domestication of plants is one of the first and most crucial steps in the development of a full-fledged, reliable agricultural economy.To successfully feed a society using plants, the first humans had to continually work to improve their yield in quality and quantity. all weather conditions for a given location over a period of time. ability to deal with pain, misfortune, or annoyance without complaint. For example, early wild chickens weighed about two pounds. type of domesticated mammal used for riding and hauling. Training a horse to allow a saddle and rider requires an enormous amount of physical work, training, and patience. Plant domestication through artificial selection is one of the best examples of this. The easiest animals to domesticate are herbivores that graze on vegetation, because they are easiest to feed: They do not need humans to kill other animals to feed them, or to grow special crops. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. long, thin, threadlike material produced by plants that aids digestive motion when consumed. to domesticate or make useful for humans. Explore the lifestyle of hunter-gatherers in your classroom with these resources. Other plants that were cultivated by early civilizations included rice (in Asia) and potatoes (in South America).Plants have not only been domesticated for food. Her work has appeared in scholarly publications such as Archaeology Online and Science. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more information and to obtain a license. There are still a few hunter-gatherer peoples today. Washington, DC 20036, National Geographic Society is a 501 (c)(3) organization. Plant domestication arose as an approach to growing and harvesting more effectively. building where horses or other animals are kept. The development of agricultural about 12,000 years ago changed the way humans lived. domestic bird cultivated for meat, eggs, and feathers. The first evidence of plant domestication comes from wheat found in pre-Pottery Neolithic villages in Southwest Asia. structure that protects people or other organisms from weather and other dangers. The domestication histories of various plants show advancements in plant-taming practices. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit.
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