who built the great mosque of samarra
For the village in Iran, see.  The dome was destroyed in a bombing by extremists in February 2006 and its two remaining minarets were destroyed in another bombing in June 2007, causing widespread anger among Shias. Originally the mosque was connected to the minaret by a bridge, and the outer walls of the mosque were something what one should expect from the Islamic worship grounds, built with arches and glass mosaics.  Housed in the mosque are also the tombs of Hakimah Khātūn, sister of 'Alī al-Hādī; and Narjis Khātūn, the mother of Muħammad al-Mahdī. This mosque was built by al-Mu'tasim when he moved to Samarra at a time when it could no longer take in the large numbers of people, al-Mutawakil built another great mosque and enlarged its area to become the biggest mosque in the world. Additionally, the mosque of Ibn Tulun in Cairo, Egypt was based on the Samarra mosque in many regards. Beneath the golden dome are four graves, those of Imam Ali al-Naqi (10th Imam) and his son, Imam Hasan al-Askari (11th Imam). American University in Cairo Press: 2005. At its base, the minaret is 33 meters (108 feet) wide, and it has a spiral ramp that leads towards the top of it. script.setAttribute("async", true); Visitors may enter this Sardab by a flight of stairs. Above it there is a spiral building with stairs of 2,3m in width and starts from the middle of the eastern side of the basis and turns anti-clock-wise completing by this five rounds that end in a small cylindrical room of a 6-meter radius. The story "The Appointment in Samarra" subsequently formed the germ of a novel of the same name by John O'Hara. The rest of the mosque was spread on an area that was around 17 hectares (42 acres), however, the building had some 38,000 square meters (409,029 square feet). The eye-catching Mosque was built in 9th century by Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil who reigned (in Samarra) from 847 until 861. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; The Al-Askari Mosque is next to the shrine. Nasir ad-Din Shah Qajar undertook the latest remodelling of the shrine in 1868, with the golden dome added in 1905. Nevertheless, as the conflict in the country is never ending, there are no official reports to state the condition of the minaret, but having in mind the unstable political situation, most likely the Samarra’s impressive minaret will be in a great need of restoration, so that the future generations would be able to see that in the area once, there was a great empire. As a matter in fact, the insurgents willingly wanted to incite a conflict that would bring higher Sunni-Shia violence, so that the country will be furthermore destabilized. document.getElementsByTagName("head").appendChild(script); The mosque was commissioned in 848 and completed in 851 by the Abbasid caliph Al-Mutawakkil who reigned (in Samarra) from 847 until 861. The Nestorian patriarch Sargis (860–72) moved the patriarchal seat of the Church of the East from Baghdad to Samarra, and one or two of his immediate successors may also have sat in Samarra so as to be close to the seat of power.. Iraqi police said insurgents blew up the top section of the 52m (162ft) tower, which had previously been used by US soldiers as a lookout position, although US troops had pulled out of the site a month before. Several men belonging to Iraqi insurgent groups affiliated with Al-Qaida, one wearing a military uniform, had earlier entered the mosque, tied up the guards there and set explosives, resulting in the blast.
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